What is Psychoanalysis?
The psychoanalytic paradigm is one of the most comprehensive paradigms about our mental life and the functioning of the mind. Psychoanalysis is the name given to the specific practice within this psychoanalytic framework. Psychoanalytic theory was developed by Sigmund Freud; and it continued to renew itself constantly. Psychoanalysis draws attention to the role played by the unconscious, into our depths that we cannot reach, and to all which is beyond our awareness, and is the basis of our mental problems. There is a specific application of psychoanalysis. The psychoanalyst does not work with his patient face to face as in therapy. The patient lies comfortably on a couch and the analyst stays in the background of the couch.
In psychoanalysis, the patient is asked to follow his associations, that is, to monitor and share what appears in his mind without restricting himself; and the dreams are handled with great care. The shadows of the old conflicts is analyzed within the relationship between the psychoanalyst and the patient. The psychoanalyst, in a secure and clearly defined setting helps the patient to explore the conflicts and layers of the psyche that he or she has not previously been aware; in this way it helps to remove the mental pain.
Psychoanalysis is not a short-term investment; it is intense and relatively time consuming but it is worth of this effort in terms of a deep self understanding. It is often preferred to perform sessions 3-4 times per week. And it is known that the long term effects of the psychoanalysis are lasting.
Psychoanalysis as a method of treatment that can only be carried out by psychoanalysts who themselves went under psychoanalysis and are trained in official institutions of psychoanalytic training .